Documentation for QIR Adaptor Tool
QIR Adaptor Tool
Welcome to the QIR Adaptor Tool (QAT), a tool to transform a generic QIR into a QIR targeted to specific set of requirements. The goal of this framework is to create tools that allow quantum hardware vendors to adapt a generic QIR to their specific hardware requirements and restrictions.
- Quick start
- Using QAT
- Developer guide
- Additional developer info:
The QIR adapter tool (QAT) is a tool that is intended to transform a generic QIR to a QIR targeted to a specific backend and validate that it is compliant with the backend requirements. A QIR target describes a subset of the generic QIR functionality and conventions. It is anticipated that most usages of the QIR specification will need to only use a subset of it. These subsets may further be subject to constraints such as how one allocate or acquire a qubit handle. We refer to such a subset with constraints as a target. For instance, it is likely that early versions of quantum backend will have a limited set of classical instructions available. With this in mind, the vendor or user of said backend would define a profile that only contains a specified subset. A target consists of a set of classical capabililties referred to as a profile and a quantum instruction set (QIS). One example of such a target is the base profile with any QIS, which only allows function calls and jumps, but no arithmetic, classical memory, or classical data types.
The generation of the generic QIR according to the spec with no constraints would typically be performed by the frontend. A couple of examples are Q# or OpenQASM 3.0. However, for the generated QIR to be practical it is necessary to reduce it using a profile which is compatible with the target platform:
┌──────────────────────┐ │ Frontend │ └──────────────────────┘ │ │ QIR ▼ ┌──────────────────────┐ │ QIR Adaptor Tool │ <─────── Targeting the QIR └──────────────────────┘ │ │ Adapted QIR ▼ ┌──────────────────────┐ │ Backend │ └──────────────────────┘
As an example, a backend based quantum platform may only have support for sequential gates with no branching or ability for subroutines. Likewise, some quantum platforms only allow for a single measurement at the end of executing the pipeline of quantum gates. Profiles suppose to express these nuances and restrictions which are absent in the generic QIR.